wonderful things to know about black moon

The term black moon refers to an additional new moon that appears in a month or in a season. It may also refer to the absence of a full moon or of a new moon in a month.
Month with two new moons[edit]
One use of the term is for the occurrence of a second new moon in a calendar month. This is analogous to the by-month definition of a blue moon as the second full moon in a month. February is too short for a second new moon to occur. This event occurs about every 29 months.

The assignment of a calendar date to a new moon, and in which month a second new moon occurs, depends on the time zone. For example, the new moon of 2016-10-01T00:11 UTC occurs on 1 October for Europe, Asia and Oceania, making it the first of two new moons in October. However, for the Americas the date is still 30 September, making this the second new moon of September.

Calculated in UTC, instances of a second new moon in a calendar month between 2010 and 2020 are:

2011-07-30
2014-01-30
2014-03-30
2016-10-30
2019-08-30
Season with four new moons
Another use of the term is for the third new moon in a season that has four new moons. This is analogous to the Farmers’ Almanac definition of a blue moon as the third full moon in a season with four full moons. A season lasts about three months and usually has three new moons. This event occurs about every 33 months.

There is no dependency on time zones in this definition as the seasons are tied to the winter solstice. Instances of four new moons in a season are:

2012-05-20 (spring)
2015-02-18 (winter)
2017-08-21 (summer)
2020-05-22 (spring)
Month without full moon
Another use of the term is for the absence of the full moon from a calendar month. This can occur only in February; it happens about every 20 years. When February is without full moon, then the preceding January or December and the following March or April have two full moons.

As with the case of two new moons in a month, whether a black moon by this definition occurs depends on the time zone. Calculated in UTC, instances of a month without full moon between 1990 and 2040 are:

February 1999
February 2018
February 2037
Month without new moon
Another use of the term is for the absence of the new moon in a calendar month. This can occur only in February; it happens about every 20 years. When February is without new moon, then the preceding January or December and the following March or April have two new moons.

As with the case of two new moons in a month, whether a black moon by this definition occurs depends on the time zone. Calculated in UTC, instances of a month without new moon between 1990 and 2040 are:

February 1995
February 2014
February 2033
Paganism
In some aspects of paganism, particularly amongst Wiccans, the black moon is considered to be a special time when any rituals, spells, or other workings are considered to be more powerful and effective. Others do not believe any rituals or workings should be conducted at these times.
The term “black moon” is not well established in astronomy and used at best in the popularising of astronomy.
There is no single definition of the term “black moon”.
The new moon itself cannot be observed.]
The lack of a new or full moon in February can only be assigned to the month, not to any particular date; as such this is also not observable.
The event of a black moon is an artefact of how the Gregorian calendar or the seasons map onto lunations. There is no physical or geometric difference between a black moon and other instances of a new moon.

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